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GB and GBR are the standard country codes for the United Kingdom (see ISO 3166-2 and ISO 3166-1 alpha-3) and are consequently used by international organisations to refer to the United Kingdom.Additionally, the United Kingdom's Olympic team competes under the name "Great Britain" or "Team GB".Subsequent medieval English kings completed the conquest of Wales and made an unsuccessful attempt to annex Scotland.Following the Declaration of Arbroath, Scotland maintained its independence, albeit in near-constant conflict with England.Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" was adopted.Although the United Kingdom, as a sovereign state, is a country, England, Scotland, Wales and, to a lesser degree, Northern Ireland, are also regarded as countries, though they are not sovereign states.The term "Britain" is often used as synonym for the United Kingdom.The term "Great Britain", by contrast, refers conventionally to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England, Scotland and Wales in combination.
The 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain", though the new state is also referred to in the Acts as the "Kingdom of Great Britain", "United Kingdom of Great Britain" and "United Kingdom".
British influence can be observed in the language, culture and legal systems of many of its former colonies.
The UK is a developed country and has the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity.
The adjective "British" is commonly used to refer to matters relating to the United Kingdom.
The term has no definite legal connotation, but is used in law to refer to United Kingdom citizenship and matters to do with nationality.